Dieselgate Is a Political Disaster

The above is the title of an OP-ED in the WSJ, 2/15/17 by Homan Jenkins, Jr.

In the late 90’s Europe decided to convert passenger cars to diesel, after Kyoto. The result, as estimated .004 reduction in temperature, (how can you estimate to that specificity boggles my mind-my comment) and noticeably dirty air due to soot and nitrogen oxide. How did that happen?

Scientists all agreed that this was the right thing to do. I guess they all got in a hot tub and bought into group think.  But wait, scientists rely on data correct?  They invite opposing opinions and do their best to remain objective, correct? They encourage multiple tests measuring results and comparing to their assumptions, correct?

Well a funny thing happened on the way to consensus. Opinions got in the way and objectivity was lost. Big government got involved throwing money around and those who objected were called names, careers ruined and the news media heaped more on the pile.

So, what has VW done in the aftermath of dieselgate? First it will cost them $25 billion. So, they have, “..adopted a set of faddish promises to invest in electric cars, ride-sharing and the new’mobility economy.’ All this was cover for the real agenda–a big pay hike and fresh promises for job security for union workers. It currently takes VW twice the man hours to build a car than Toyota.”

How many more examples do we need to recognize, “In this present crisis, government is not the solution to our problem; government is the problem.” R Reagan. Bill Clinton disagreed, but the evidence and data tells a different story. Oh wait, evidence and data matter not, group think does!


Senator Warren. In favor of school vouchers. 2003

In “Notable & Quotable” from 2/6/17 WSJ. “The Two-Income Trap: Why are Middle-Class Parent Are (Still) Going Broke,” a book by Elizabeth Warren and Anielia Tyagi.

“A well designed voucher program would fit the bill neatly. A taxpayer funded voucher that paid the entire cost of education a child would open a range of opportunities to all children…Fully funded vouchers would relieve parents from the terrible choice of leaving kids in lousy schools or bankrupting themselves to escape those schools.”

Hmmmm, I guess the senator has evolved her thinking some.  Betsy DeVos is proposing vouchers as one of her primary policy offerings in the next four years. Senator Warren voted against Ms. DeVos.

Yale, Calhoun College

Yale has renamed Calhoun College Grace Hopper College. Mr. Calhoun was a white “supremacist” according to Peter Salovey, president of the University. Mr. Calhoun owned slaves.

According the WSJ article, “Yale’s Inconsistency Name-Dropping” by Roger Kimball, other colleges namesakes did also. Timothy Dwight, Benjamin Silliman, Ezra Stiles, John Davenport, Johnathon Edwards all owned slaves, all have colleges names after them.

Now the big one, Elihu Yale, who gave 800 pounds to help start the college also owned slaves, and according to history accounts treated them poorly, hung a stable boy for stealing a horse,  and was fired from a post in India for corruption. The same history books tell of Calhoun’s kind treatment.

None of us are without sin. I hope one day a grandchild of mine gets into Yale, and my wife and I are providing the funds, and we convince our kids to tell Yale to stuff it. What a waste of time and money, $46,000 a year in just tuition, ouch.

Cory Booker, this is amazing!

From “Notables and Quotable” in the WSJ.

2012. Cory Booker speaking to a conference of American Federation for Children, the organization Betsy DeVos ran.

“I cannot ever stand up and stand against a parent having options, because I benefited from my parents having options. And when people tell me they’re against school choice whether its’ the Opportunity Scholarship Act, or CHARTER (my emphasis) schools, I look at them and say:”As soon as you’re telling me you’re willing to send your kid to a failing school in my city, or in Camden or Trenton, then Ill be with you.”

“I’m going to out there fighting for my president, but he does not send his kids to DC schools.  I got a governor in the statehouse, he does not send his kids to public schools. I could all the way down to city council people in Newark, that do not send their kids–so what have we created? A system that if you’re connected, elected, have wealth and privilege you get freedom in the county? And now you want to deny to my community? No. I am  going to fight for the freedom and the liberty and the choice and the options of my  people, in the same way you will defend that right for yourself.”

When the chairperson of the organization he gave that speech to came up for a vote as Education Secretary Senator Booker voted against, AGAINST (my emphasis) her.

I guess, as the progressives say, he has evolved in his views. Like former president Obama on gay marriage, or Clinton on everything. A conservative, let’s say President Trump changes his views on an issue, say abortion. He is ________ you fill in the blanks.  He certainly hasn’t evolved per our media.


Climate scientists lie, again

As was widely reported, climate scientists have lied, again. Or maybe, it was just a different way of interpreting data?  Holman Jenkins wrote an op-ed in the WSJ on February 3rd, titled, “Change Would Be Healthy at U.S. Climate Agencies”.

He restates that 2016 was the warmest on record according  to NASA, except it wasn’t. The readings were within the margin of error for such measurements, that fact should have been stated versus a black and white declaration. But that isn’t the whole story, or page two as Paul Harvey used to say.

We should be concerned about climate change, the question is how much of our GDP should be dedicated to reducing gaseous output?  The difference between 2015 and 2016 is one tenth the margin of error, 1/10, 0.1. Does that warrant the headline, yes if you want to further your dreams of a carbon less future and load up the economy with very expensive energy; or no if you want to reduce emissions over time and continue to increase employment.

George Schultz and James Baker later that same week wrote an op-ed titled “A Conservative Answer to Climate Change”, again the WSJ. They propose a four step plan that in my opinion goes a long way towards the U.S. leading the world without huge government control, and also returning money to taxpayers.

Just recently a British article caused many people to cast doubt on whether temperatures are rising, Politifact ran this down and feels that is not the case.

We should reduce our emissions. All of us around the world. We also need to do it in as much of a free market method as possible since almost nothing any government does (excluding the totalitarian ones) actually produces the result needed efficiently.

Confessions of a Catholic convert to capitalism. Income Inequality. The Reality.

Arthur Brooks leads AEI, http://www.aei.org/, and penned the article below. He leads us through his spiritual journey from musician, to becoming a Catholic, to feeling a call to help those in need, to economics, to free market capitalism as a foundation for ameliorating human suffering. The article is followed by comments that agree, to those that call him evil, well not actually but close.

See the full article here. It’s worth the read.

Cory Booker, a Hypocrite, and Potential Democrat Candidate

The article below from National Review online says it all about the hoopla over Betsy DeVos.  All of you folks who have to put up with lousy schools remember this when he runs for president in 2020.

School choice, competition will help.


IAN TUTTLE February 8, 2017 4:43 PM @IPTUTTLE

Booker has suddenly discovered that he’s against school choice after a career spent promoting it. Cory Booker should think about consulting a physician. He seems to be suffering a severe case of amnesia. Last month, Booker became the first senator in history to testify against a colleague in a Cabinet confirmation hearing — in this case, Alabama senator Jeff Sessions, Donald Trump’s nominee for attorney general. When he was not holding back righteous tears, Booker warned that Sessions would fail to “aggressively pursue the congressional mandate of civil rights, equal rights, and justice for all,” and that he would not “bring hope and healing to our country.” Besides being a novel assessment of the duties of an attorney general, Booker’s testimony was somewhat undermined by his own comments from eleven months earlier, when he declared himself “blessed and honored to have partnered with Senator Sessions” to award the Congressional Gold Medal to participants in the 1965 Voting Rights March from Selma to Montgomery, Ala. This week, Senator Booker apparently had another memory lapse. On Tuesday, New Jersey’s junior senator cast his vote against education secretary nominee Betsy DeVos. “I’m frustrated and deeply saddened” by DeVos’s confirmation, Booker wrote on Facebook, continuing mournfully: Somewhere in America, right now, there is a child who is wondering if this country stands up for them. They are probably enduring some things I never had to endure. They are probably worried about their safety. They are probably being put in a situation where they are questioning their worth. They probably feel alone and isolated. . . .  To all those worried about their civil rights, about having equal access and opportunity to an education, please know: even if Betsy DeVos doesn’t see it as her role as a federal leader to work for your rights, equality or freedom from bullying or harassment, know that I and many others will always fight for you. Booker’s concerns about DeVos are odd — considering that he’s spent much of his career as an ardent school-choice advocate, and a supporter of . . . Betsy DeVos. In 2006, Booker was elected mayor of Newark, New Jersey’s largest city and home to its largest school system, which currently serves more than 35,000 students. In July 1995, the state had taken control of Newark’s public schools, citing gross malpractice. State officials published a 1,700-page report detailing questionable expenditures, collapsing facilities, dismal student performance, and more — in short, a long chronicle of corruption and mismanagement. Ten years on, the situation had improved little, if at all. Booker saw an opportunity in the school-choice movement. He encouraged using taxpayer funds to establish and strengthen already-existing public charter schools, as well as private and religious schools, and traveled the country soliciting help. He was a powerful advocate. In early 2009, Oprah Winfrey gave more than $1.5 million to five local nonprofits, among them a public charter school and a Catholic school; a year and a half later, Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg gave the school system an extraordinary $100 million gift. Republican governor Chris Christie, finding in Booker’s education policy much to like, permitted the mayor more control over Newark’s school system than the state had permitted his predecessors. Although Booker’s efforts met with aggressive resistance from certain quarters, many Newark residents seized on the opportunity to exit the city’s traditional public schools. Currently, 14,000 students are enrolled in the city’s 20 charter schools, and enrollment has tripled in the last five years. According to a report from the Newark Education Success Board (a nine-member panel created by Christie and current Newark mayor Ras Baraka), published in August, 42 percent of Newark families selected a charter school as their first choice. A 2013 poll of 500 Newark residents found that 71 percent favored expanding the city’s charter-school system. Predictably, all of this incensed — and continues to rankle — the Newark Teachers Union, which during Booker’s 2010 reelection bid backed his unsuccessful opponent. (They have found a friendlier ear in Baraka, a fierce charter-school opponent.) Commenting on Booker’s vote against DeVos, union president John Abeignon said he was “kind of surprised,” adding: “He’s a strong advocate for school choice,” Abeigon said. “We never saw him much as a supporter of traditional public schools and don’t see him as one now.” Until this week, Booker might have described himself similarly. In fact, he was unequivocal about his position during his second mayoral term: I cannot ever stand up and stand against a parent having options, because I benefited from my parents having options. And when people tell me they’re against school choice, whether it’s the Opportunity Scholarship Act or charter schools, I look at them and say: “As soon as you’re telling me you’re willing to send your kid to a failing school in my city, or in Camden or Trenton, then I’ll be with you.” . . . I am going to fight for the freedom and the liberty and the choice and the options of my people, in the same way you will defend that right for yourself. As it happens, those remarks were delivered in 2012, at a conference of the American Federation for Children — the school-reform group founded, and at the time chaired, by Betsy DeVos. That was not Booker’s only association with the group. He spoke to AFC’s Policy Summit just last year. The senator is planning a run for the presidency in 2020, and he needs to make nice with the teachers’ unions. How it is that the woman Cory Booker viewed as an ally less than a year ago is now a threat to children’s “safety” is no particular mystery. The senator is planning a run for the presidency in 2020, and he needs to make nice with the teachers’ unions, whose outsized influence in the Democratic party is the only plausible explanation for the unprecedented anathema heaped on DeVos since her nomination was announced. (Indeed, even two union-reliant Republicans — Alaska’s Lisa Murkowski and Maine’s Susan Collins — bowed to the unions’ demands.) That his opposition to DeVos was out of keeping with his own education-policy vision Booker rationalized away by repairing to that all-purpose excuse, “civil rights.” In fact, school choice is disproportionately popular among minority groups. AFC surveyed 1,100 likely voters in January 2016: 70 percent supported school choice, defined as “giv[ing] parents the right to use the tax dollars associated with their child’s education to send their child to the public or private school which better serves their needs.” Among African Americans and Latinos, the number was 76 percent. A poll commissioned last year by the National Alliance for Public Charter Schools showed similar levels of support. Having concerned himself with these issues for some time, Booker is no doubt aware of these facts, and he didn’t forget them on Tuesday. He ignored them, and many of his constituents, and his principles. Booker’s lamentations in the wake of the vote are so much theater. What he did this week, he didn’t do for the kids. — Ian Tuttle is the Thomas L. Rhodes Fellow at the National Review Institute.

Read more at: http://www.nationalreview.com/article/444738/cory-booker-betsy-devos-statement-hypocritical-school-choice-teachers-union-education?utm_source=Sailthru&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Daily%20Trending%20Email%20Reoccurring-%20Monday%20to%20Thursday%202017-02-08&utm_term=NR5PM%20Actives

Voter Fraud Dismissed by Media, “Trump is Nuts”

“Trump’s initial comments on voter fraud came Monday during a meeting with congressional leaders, where he reiterated an unsubstantiated claim that 3 to 5 million illegal votes cost him the popular vote, according to two sources familiar with the meeting.”  This from CNN

Three to five million votes would be about 3% of those cast in 2016 (136,628,000). Every media outlet is repudiating what our president is saying; dismissing his statement and adding it to the evidence that Trump is an idiot, not fit to be president. It seems high to me also. But there seems to be some smoke in the air. Voter ID, a sensible idea, not prejudicial.

So, the WSJ on February 2d, 2017, has an editorial about a 2013 investigation in NYC by their department of investigation that looked at voter records, etc. http://www1.nyc.gov/assets/doi/downloads/pdf/2013/dec13/BOE_Unit_Report12-30-2013.pdf

Page iii of this report tells what happened when 63 investigators went out to vote fraudulently, 61 were successful.  The NYC election board then wanted to prosecute them for voter fraud!  The DA did not.

National Review wrote an article in 2013, below, http://www.nationalreview.com/corner/367278/report-new-york-investigators-obtain-fraudulent-ballots-97-percent-time-john-fund

Caucasians voting where the registered voter is mixed race, a 20 year voting for a 63 year old; and it goes on. Is it five million, who knows? Do we have a problem, there certainly is smoke around up. Voter ID, not prejudicial, only sensible.

Report: New York Investigators Obtain Fraudulent Ballots 97 Percent of Time

by JOHN FUND December 31, 2013 8:25 AM @JOHNFUND

New York City’s Department of Investigation (DOI) has just shown how easy it is to commit voter fraud that is almost undetectable. Its undercover agents were able to obtain ballots for city elections a total of 61 times — 39 times using the names of dead people, 14 times using the names of incarcerated felons, and eight times using the names of non-residents. On only two occasions, or about 3 percent of the time, were the agents stopped by polling-place officials. In one of the two cases, an investigator was stopped only because the felon he was trying to vote in the name of was the son of the election official he was dealing with. Ballot security in checking birth dates or signatures was so sloppy that young undercover agents were able to vote using the name of someone three times their age who had died. As the New York Post reports: “A 24-year female was able to access the ballot at a Manhattan poll site in November under the name of a deceased female who was born in 1923 and died in April 25, 2012 — and would have been 89 on Election Day.” All of the agents who got ballots wrote in the names of fictitious candidates so as not to actually influence election outcomes. Last year, guerrilla videographer James O’Keefe sent hidden cameras into polling places around the country to demonstrate just how easy it is to commit voter fraud and how hard it is to ever know it happened. In Washington, D.C., one of his assistants was able to obtain Attorney General Eric Holder’s ballot even though Holder is 62 years old and bears no resemblance to the 22-year-old white man who obtained it by merely asking if Holder was on the rolls. In New Hampshire, poll workers handed his assistants ballots in the names of ten dead people. After a public outcry, New Hampshire’s legislature passed a photo-ID law over the veto of the state’s Democratic governor. But opponents of photo-ID laws scoffed at O’Keefe’s revelations. The Department of Justice, which is currently suing Texas to block that state’s photo-ID law, dismissed the Holder ballot incident as “manufactured.” The irony was lost on them that Holder, a staunch opponent of voter-ID laws, could have himself been disenfranchised by a white man because Washington, D.C., has no voter-ID law. Polls consistently show that more than 70 percent of Americans — including clear majorities of African Americans and Hispanics — support such laws.  An even richer irony is that it is the people Attorney General Holder purports to speak for — the poor, often minority, inner-city residents — who suffer the most from voter fraud. As law professor Glenn Reynolds of Instapundit noted: “Many of America’s largest and worst-governed cities suffer from entrenched and corrupt political machines that maintain their position in no small part via voter fraud. Corrupt machines (like that of Detroit’s disgraced ex-Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick) siphon off money that should go to essential services and instead divert it to political fatcats and their supporters.” But after O’Keefe’s stings, the elite media once again yawned and dismissed concerns about voter fraud. New York magazine asked if it were possible to organize fraudsters to go to different polling places to vote for a particular candidate. “Sure, it’s probably doable,” they concluded. “But it has never happened. . . . National Weather Service data shows that Americans are struck and killed by lightning about as often [as voter fraud happens].” But how would we know fraud had occurred if procedures are as lax as New York’s Department of Investigation found? If one of the undercover agents had cast a vote for a real candidate, would any of the dead people, felons sitting in jail, or out-of-city residents have complained? “It could be the perfect crime because once a secret ballot is cast you can’t go back and identify one that’s fraudulent,” former California secretary of state Bruce McPherson once told me. “Because it’s so hard to detect is why strong prevention measures against fraud, like clean voter rolls, voter ID, and better security on absentee ballots are vital.” The issue of dead people on the voter rolls is a real one: A 2012 study by the Pew Research Center found that nationwide that are at least 1.8 million deceased voters still registered to vote. The New York Department of Investigation’s report doesn’t address the serious issue of absentee-ballot fraud, where at least a paper trail to catch fraud can be created. But it does highlight a troubling case indicating that voter impersonation Chicago-style is still with us. The report noted that the Gothamist newspaper had reported that in New York City’s September primary election: People had attempted to vote for other registered voters at IS 71, a poll site in Williamsburg, Brooklyn. DOI spoke with four poll workers assigned to IS 71 who cited multiple instances of young men they believed were attempting to vote for other registered voters at IS 71 during the 2013 primary and additional instances during the 2013 runoff election. Two of the poll workers recalled instances where young men who appeared to be 19 or 20 years old sought to vote as registered voters who were in their thirties or sixties based on the dates of birth recorded in the registration books. One of the poll inspectors stated that she asked some individuals to confirm their dates of birth, after which they typically walked away without voting.” The city’s Board of Elections monitored that polling site for the rest of the day but how much hanky-panky could have been happening at the city’s other polling places? The DOI report paints a scathing picture of a Board of Elections chock full of political patronage employees and rife with “systemic problems with accountability, transparency and dysfunction.”   As the New York DOI report demonstrates, it is comically easy to commit voter fraud in person, and, unless someone confesses, it’s very difficult to ever detect — or stop. The Gothamist reported that police officers observed the problems at IS 71 last September but did nothing because voter fraud isn’t under the department’s purview. Opponents of photo-ID laws — which the DOI report does not address — claim they will block people from voting. But there are very few cases of legitimate voters who have been unable to have their vote counted because they lacked ID. People who show up without photo ID at the polls are allowed to cast a provisional ballot that is counted after proof of identity is offered. “From voter fraud to election chicanery of all kinds, America teeters on the edge of scandal every November,” writes Larry Sabato, the director of the Center for Politics at the University of Virginia and author of a comprehensive survey of voter fraud called “Dirty Little Secrets.” The fact that so many people want to thwart legitimate and prudent efforts to improve ballot integrity has become a scandal in its own right.

Read more at: http://www.nationalreview.com/corner/367278/report-new-york-investigators-obtain-fraudulent-ballots-97-percent-time-john-fund

Fascist Facts

Now that a Republican is president, the old copy is being dusted off and “fascists” is reappearing in the press.  Trump and his ilk are fascists, like most conservatives.  Well, as they say, if you repeat something enough it must be true. I also say, back at ya!

Fascism is the creation of the left, who borrowed some ideas from the extreme right. AND, the progressive movement in the United States applauded what Mussolini created, as well as the Bolsheviks, as the way to a more perfect state.

From two sources noted below I summarize.


In 1919 Benito Mussolini described fascism as a movement that would strike “against the backwardness of the right and the destructiveness of the left”

The Italian term fascismo is derived from fascio meaning a bundle of rods, ultimately from the Latin word fasces.[14] This was the name given to political organizations in Italy known as fasci, groups similar to guilds or syndicates and at first applied mainly to organizations on the political Left.

Fascism was influenced by both left and right, conservative and anti-conservative, national and supranational, rational and anti-rational.

After King Victor Emmanuel III forced Mussolini to resign as head of government and placed him under arrest in 1943, Mussolini was rescued by German forces. While continuing to rely on Germany for support, Mussolini and the remaining loyal Fascists founded the Italian Social Republic with Mussolini as head of state. Mussolini sought to re-radicalize Italian Fascism, declaring that the Fascist state had been overthrown because Italian Fascism had been subverted by Italian conservatives and the bourgeoisie.[54] Then the new Fascist government proposed the creation of workers’ councils and profit-sharing in industry, although the German authorities, who effectively controlled northern Italy at this point, ignored these measures and did not seek to enforce them.


Fascism is a totalitarian movement that empowers an omnipotent government to control every nook and cranny of political, economic, social, and private life – generally in the name of “the public good.”

Thus it is accurate to say that progressivism is, in effect, an American version of European fascism.
“Progressivism was a sister movement of fascism,” writes Jonah Goldberg, “and today’s liberalism is the daughter of Progressivism.” The journalist J. T. Flynn – perhaps the best-known anti-FDR muckraker of the 1930s, foresaw that American fascism might one day manifest itself as “a very genteel and dainty and pleasant form of fascism which cannot be called fascism at all because it will be so virtuous and polite.”
“Progressivism was a sister movement of fascism,” writes Goldberg, “and today’s liberalism is the daughter of Progressivism.” The journalist J. T. Flynn – perhaps the best-known anti-FDR muckraker of the 1930s, foresaw that American fascism might one day manifest itself as “a very genteel and dainty and pleasant form of fascism which cannot be called fascism at all because it will be so virtuous and polite.”

Below are some of the famous US folks in the 30’s and what they thought of fascism.

HG. Wells, said in 1932 that progressives must become “liberal fascists” and “enlightened Nazis.” The poet Wallace Stevens pronounced himself “pro-Mussolini personally.” The historian Charles Beard wrote of Mussolini’s efforts: “Beyond question, an amazing experiment is being made [in Italy], an experiment in reconciling individualism and socialism.” Lincoln Steffens, for one, said that Italian fascism made Western democracy, by comparison, look like a system run by “petty persons with petty purposes.” Mussolini, Steffens proclaimed reverently, had been “formed” by God “out of the rib of Italy.” Reporter Ida Tarbell was deeply impressed by Mussolini’s attitudes regarding labor, affectionately dubbing him “a despot with a dimple.” NAACP co-founder W. E. B. DuBois saw National Socialism as a worthy model for economic organization. The establishment of the Nazi dictatorship in Germany, he wrote, had been “absolutely necessary to get the state in order.” In 1937 DuBois stated: “there is today, in some respects, more democracy in Germany than there has been in years past.” FDR adviser Rexford Guy Tugwellsaid of Italian fascism: “It’s the cleanest, neatest, most efficiently operating piece of social machinery I’ve ever seen. It makes me envious.” New Republiceditor George Soule, who avidly supported FDR, noted approvingly that the Roosevelt administration was “trying out the economics of fascism.” Playwright George Bernard Shaw hailed Stalin, Hitler, and Mussolini as the world’s great “progressive” leaders because they “did things,” unlike the leaders of those “putrefying corpses” called parliamentary democracies.

So, to quote the signs of protesters, “We are all Fascists, (especially those of us on the left since we invented the concept)”  I added a few words, tough to put on a poster in a protest.

Can we not just get along and stop calling each other names; that goes for you too President Trump.  Also President Obama, Secretary Clinton, President Clinton, et al.

Biden Rule

Hoopla and Hyperbole. The nomination of Judge Gorsuch has raised the level of political BS to new heights.

“The stolen seat” is the new slogan, kind of like the “stolen election” of the Bush years. A little originality please. When President Obama nominated judge Garland the senate majority leader invoked the “Biden” rule. I note below the core then Senator Biden’s comments, with a link to it all.

“Mr. President, where the nation should be treated to a consideration of constitutional philosophy, all it will get in such circumstances is a partisan bickering and political posturing from both parties and from both ends of Pennsylvania Avenue. As a result, it is my view that if a Supreme Court Justice resigns tomorrow, or within the next several weeks, or resigns at the end of the summer, President Bush should consider following the practice of a majority of his predecessors and not — and not — name a nominee until after the November election is completed.”

Biden said if Bush were to nominate someone anyway, “the Senate Judiciary Committee should seriously consider not scheduling confirmation hearings on the nomination until after the political campaign season is over.”


So, After the Dems invoke the nuclear option to get cabinet members nominated for Obama they are now yelling about a “Mainstream” judge is the only thing that should occur. What goes around,…..

The judiciary is there to ensure laws follow the constitution, not to interpret the will of the people and make law, that is the job of the Congress.  Bi-partisanship is needed to pass laws. I hope the new president doesn’t slip down the slope like our last one did and go around Congress. Leadership is required, sorely lacking for the last eight years.